Elk are members of the Cervidae family, which includes caribou, deer and moose. Like their relatives, elk have massive antlers and long legs with cloven hooves.
Elk are herbivores, which means they only eat vegetation. Their diet changes depending on the year, eating grasses in the summer and woody growth in the winter months.They prefer dandelions, violets, hawkweed, aster, clover and mushrooms as their favorite treats.
Elk are also called wapiti. This is a Native American word meaning "light-colored deer," according to National Geographic. They are also called red deer.
Elk are most active during mornings and evenings. During the summer, elk will often migrate to higher, cooler, elevations and migrate to lower elevations in the winter.